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Correction of prominent ears

Correction of prominent ears (otherwise known as otoplasty) is a surgical procedure performed to correct the shape of the ear in people with defects of the auricle.

Prominent ears are one of the most common congenital deformities of the head and neck. This is usually influenced by genetics, the main reasons being insufficient development of antihelix or insufficient development of the central cartilage (auricle). These causes, alone or in combination, make the ears protrude. The deformation is noticeable already in infancy and becomes more prominent as the child grows. Although protruding ears is an aesthetic problem that does not affect health, if the ear deformity is pronounced, in order to prevent bullying, negative emotions, psychological problems and adverse effects on the child’s personality development, it is recommended that the deformation is removed before the child starts school, i.e., at around five or six years of age. It is not advisable for children under the age of five to correct the auricle for aesthetic reasons alone, when there are no other indications – until this age the ears are still growing and certain growth areas could be damaged by the surgery.

Although there are still frequent attempts to correct the ears by tightening of scarves or by patches, doctors state that these measures are ineffective. The only effective way to solve this problem is ear correction surgery.

InnMed Clinic performs prominent ear correction surgeries for children and adults. Consultation with a plastic surgeon is necessary prior to surgery, who will help assess the anatomy of the patient’s ears, and discuss the expectations, surgery plan and details.

Surgical procedure

In young children, prominent ears correction surgery is usually performed under general anaesthesia. Older children and adults are often subject to local anaesthesia. The duration of prominent ears correction surgery is about 1-1.5 hours.

In order to achieve symmetry, correction is usually performed on both ears. During the operation, a small incision is made in the back surface of the ear, and when modelling the cartilage of the ear, the auricle is pressed closer to the head (to the temporal bone behind the ear) to eliminate protrusion. If necessary, both the auricle position and shape of the ear can be corrected.

Postoperative period

If the operation is performed under local anaesthesia, the patient can be discharged home immediately after the operation, or in a few hours – in case of general anaesthesia. The time of the postoperative visit will be appointed by the operating doctor.

It is recommended to use cold compresses for the first two days after the surgery to prevent swelling and bruising.

A supporting ear bandage must be worn for 2 weeks after the operation. Later, a supporting band must be worn at night for another 2 weeks. It is advisable to avoid physical activity during which you could hurt your ears for one months after the surgery.

Results to expect after surgery

The healing period takes about one month. At first, a small scar remains behind the ear, but after a few months it becomes almost invisible.

Patients can enjoy naturally shaped ears with a natural rise and normal angle of inclination and significantly improved psychological well-being.